LEARN MATH STEP BY STEP THROUGH VERY EASY PROCESS

CONCEPT OF DIVISION

__CONCEPT OF DIVISION__

** DIVISION** –

**Division mean equal
sharing or grouping between same or different group.**

**The number which is
to be divided is called** ‘**DIVIDEND**’

**The number which
divides the ‘Dividend’ is called ‘DIVISOR’**

**The answer of
Division is called ‘QUOTIENT’ **

**DIVISOR** ) **DIVIDEND**
( **QUOTIENT**

**OR
**

** **** ****DIVIDEND**

**
------------- ****=**** ****QUOTIENT**

** ****DIVISOR**

__Example.
1-__** Suppose there is a
number which we have to subtract 5 times and the number is 2, this number 2
will be repeatedly subtract from 12.**

**So, we have subtracted 2 from 12 by 6 times.**

** but instead of
repeated subtraction of 2 for 6 times we can use short method and that is = 12 ÷
2 = 6 (Answer).**

__Example.2 –__ Suppose a person for a special occasion he bought
a big cake and cut into 20 pieces, his invited guest was 5 no.s, now the
question is each of his guest how many pieces of cake can get?

**In repeated subtraction we can say each of his guest can get
no.s of cake pieces,**

**Please notice, how many times 5 have been subtracted from
20, and the answer is 4. So we can say each of his guest can get 4 pieces of
cake.**

**But we can give the answer in simple way with investment of
less time, i.e each of his guest can get no.s pieces of cake is = 20 ÷ 5 = 4
no.s cake pieces**

**Instead of subtraction 5 four times, we can write 20 ÷ 5 = 4. (Ans.)**