# CLASS-10QUADRATIC EQUATION - PROBLEM ON MENSURATOION

Problem On Mensuration

Example.1) The perimeter of the rectangular field is 104 m and its area is 640 m². Find the dimension of the field.

Ans.) Let the breadth of the field be x meters.

Then, 2 (length + breadth) = 104 meter

=> (length + breadth) = 52 meter

=> (length + x) = 52 meter

=> length = (52 – breadth) m

But, as per the condition, area = 640

x (52 – x) = 640

=> 52x - x² = 640

=> x² - 52x + 640 = 0

=> x² - (32 + 20)x + 640 = 0

=> x² - 32x – 20x + 640 = 0

=> x (x – 32) – 20(x – 32) = 0

=> (x – 32) (x – 20) = 0

=> (x – 32) = 0 or (x – 20) = 0

=> x = 32 or x = 20

So, the length of the field is 32 m and breadth of the field is 20 m  (Ans.)

Example.2) Within a rectangular garden, 10 m wide and 20 m long, we wish to pave a walk around the borders of uniform width so as to leave an area of 96 m² for flowers. How wide should the walk to ?

Ans.) Length of the garden = 20 m

Breadth of the garden = 10 m

Let the width of the walk be x meters

Length the garden excluding the walk = (20 – 2x) m

Breadth of garden excluding the walk = (10 – 2x) m

Area for flowers = (20 – 2x) (10 – 2x) m² = (4x² - 60x + 200) m²

Now, as per the given condition, we have –

4x²- 60x + 200 = 96

=> 4x²- 60x + 104 = 0

=> x²- 15x + 26 = 0

=> x²- (13 + 2)x + 26 = 0

=> x²- 13x – 2x + 26 = 0

=> x (x – 13) – 2(x – 13) = 0

=> (x – 13) (x – 2) = 0

=> (x – 13) = 0 or (x – 2) = 0

=> x = 13 or x = 2

=> x = 2      [x ≠ 13, as the width of walk cannot be 10 m]

So, width of the walk is 2 meters.      (Ans.)